OXFAM CONSULTANCY ON TOT ON FUEL EFFICIENT COOKING STOVE AND ALTERNATIVE COOKING FUEL SOURCE (BRIQUETTES) IN ADAMAWA AND KEBBI STATES
CLOSING DATE 16 DEC 2020
PROACT has distributed with planting of over 900,000 tree seedlings in Adamawa and Kebbi states and launched a #OP4T (One person 4 tree) campaign, discouraging falling down of trees for firewood. However, in Nigeria, rural households rely majorly on firewood for cooking. These households still cook primarily on three-stone open fires, just as they have done for many of years. They primarily use large branches and logs that are unsustainably harvested from surrounding forests and wooded areas of agricultural lands, a major driver of deforestation all throughout 36 states of Nigeria.
Three-stone fires are very smoky and emit dangerous levels of fine particulate matter “PM2.5” that are inhaled and go deep into the lungs, contributing to health and environmental related hazards. In many Nigerian states, household air pollution from cooking with solid fuels is a leading risk factor contributing to disease and premature deaths. Since women do most of the cooking and at the same time look after their young children, both women and children are extremely vulnerable to harmful household air pollution. In addition, women and children gather firewood at least 2-3 times per week, walking as far as 5 km from their homes to find wood. This amounts to many hours of added drudgery per week, exposing them to attacks and raping.
To avoid the above mentioned challenges, it is very important for the project to support targeted rural households with an alternative cooking fuel, hence procure safe cooking stoves to households and provide a training on the usage and production alternative cooking fuel source (Briquette), this will not only protect them against respiratory diseases and sexual abuses but will also serve as a source of income to the households.
Distribution of tree seedlings is one of the components through which PROACT has supported 70 communities in Adamawa and Kebbi states, the reasons are to avert desert encroachment, serve as source of nutrition by eating the fruits and as a source of income through selling of the fruits and the eatable leaves in the market, these are long time measures to prevent malnutrition and poverty among households. But to achieve all these, the trees must continue to survive by preventing people from cutting down the trees for firewood. Hence, the need to provide safe cooking stoves and train community partners on production of alternative cooking fuel source (briquettes). Cooking with solid fuel like wood also leads to release in greenhouse gases (GHGs) like carbon dioxide. With the introduction of safe cooking stoves, these climate pollution can be reduced
This is also relevant with SO 1, 2 and 3 of PROACT project which are; Rapid improvement in early recovery, food security and livelihoods for targeted vulnerable farmers and host communities including women and youth, Strengthened resilience, preparedness towards risks and natural resource utilisation for targeted vulnerable small holder farming communities and improved strategic linkages for food security, nutrition security and support to local market systems in Adamawa and Kebbi states.
OBJECTIVES OF THE CONSULTANCY
To train 70 members of VSLF members and local stove sellers on the production and important of the alternative cooking stoves using a ToT approach.
Provide mentorship to the groups willing to start the business of selling alterative cooking stoves.
Provide a training to the members (ToT) on how to make a briquette which they will step down the training to other group members.
To reduce indiscriminate felling of trees.
Enhance environmental sanitation through collection of raw materials scattered in the environment for production of briquettes.
Serve as means of livelihood to vulnerable households.
A consultant (Renewable energy firm) will be hired to supply the stoves and also deliver the training in both states.
Selection (by Federations) of 70 VSLF members across the 70 communities of PROACT will participate during the alternative cooking fuel source training (Briquette) ToT, 10 members per LGA and the training will hold at each 7 LGA level. The consultant will share his plan for the training.
Training of firewood sellers 20 each in Adamawa and Kebbi states.
Purchase produced fuel efficient cooking stoves by trained VSLF members and distribute to other community partners.
Alternative cooking fuel source (Briquette) training: Mixture of carbonized materials with binding agents, Briquette pressers, putting mixtures into pressers, compressing of mixtures to compact, drying of briquettes.
Jan 2021 in Adamawa and Kebbi states.
1) The number of community partners trained
2) Number of trainings held
3) Number of micro businesses started/expanded in efficient energy use
4) Percentage reduction in the number of trees fallen per year
5) Number of governments reviewing policies/laws to save the environment
6) Report of the training*
Qualification and requirement of service providers
o Degree in Entrepreneurship, Development Studies, Rural Sociology, Agricultural Economics, Agricultural Extension and other related fields or Previous experience.
o Demonstrable evidence of hands-on/practical knowledge on similar projects.
o Ability to provide strategic recommendations to key stakeholders.
o Excellent interpersonal and communication skills including ability to facilitate and work in a multidisciplinary team.
o Ability to interact with host government, partners and/or others as requested by Oxfam.
o Ability to relate and communicate in local language (Hausa) is essential.
o Evidence of implementation of the proposed model
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